Domain names and IP addresses
The domain name system (DNS) underpins the operation of the internet. The DNS is the global database that translates website names (such as www.communications.gov.au) into computer-readable internet protocol (IP) addresses.
We participate in organisations to manage the DNS:
- The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) coordinates DNS and IP addresses at a global level—including top-level domains like ‘.com’, ‘.biz’ or ‘.melbourne’
- The Governmental Advisory Committee advises ICANN on internet-related public policy— we represent the Australian Government, and advocate Australia’s interests, on this committee
The .au domain
.au is Australia’s country code domain. The Government has delegated responsibility for .au to the .au Domain Administration (auDA), an independent not-for-profit industry body which develops and implements .au domain policies.
On 19 October 2017 the Government announced a review of the management of the .au domain to ensure it remains fit-for-purpose in Australia’s digital landscape.
The review has now been completed. The key finding is that the current management framework is no longer fit-for-purpose and needs to be reformed. The Government has accepted all 29 recommendations of the review, and the Minister for Communications has issued new terms of endorsement for auDA.
The Department will be working closely with auDA to implement the required reforms. This will include auDA establishing a new reporting framework to report transparently against.
The Australian Government also has some powers relating to the Australian domain:
- Telecommunications Act 1997 (see sections 474 – 477)
- Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005 (see section 11)