Domain names and IP addresses
The domain name system (DNS) underpins the operation of the internet. The DNS is the global database that translates website names (such as www.communications.gov.au) into computer-readable internet protocol (IP) addresses.
We participate in organisations to manage the DNS:
- The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) coordinates DNS and IP addresses at a global level—including top-level domains like ‘.com’, ‘.biz’ or ‘.melbourne’
- The Governmental Advisory Committee advises ICANN on internet-related public policy— we represent the Australian Government, and advocate Australia’s interests, on this committee
The .au domain
.au is Australia’s country code domain. The .au domain is managed by the .au Domain Administration Ltd (auDA). It is an the independent, not-for-profit industry body responsible for developing and implementing .au domain policies.
We are observers at auDA board meetings and we participate in some auDA policy development panels.
The Australian Government also has some powers relating to the Australian domain:
- Telecommunications Act 1997 (see sections 474 – 477)
- Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005 (see section 11)